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Introduction:

At the end of November 2016, the Marrakech COP ended (see report "COP22" on this site) and I stayed on a bit in Morocco. we had in mind to do a follow-up in Morocco to the work I had made in Spain (on intensive agriculture and the need for cheap labor from Morocco and other places) as I did in West Africa (see Reports: "The Garden of Europe or the Third World" and "What Future for Rural West Africa?"). Agriculture in these two regions (Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa) is hit hard by global warming.

Already "Morocco's natural water resources are among the most depleted in the world." (2) For example, we read in an article by Ghalia Kadiri of Le Monde in February 2018 that: "After a decade of over-exploitation of groundwater by agriculture (this sector contributes 20% of GDP), the kingdom is in a situation of water stress." (1) With 500m3 / inhabitant / year, the country is below the critical threshold. This lack of water puts the population in great risk and leads some to rural exodus or emigration.

For a little more than 2 months I travel Morocco from south to north, by bus and not by bike as expected because of bad knee tendonitis. In addition to documenting what I was able to see of the production of renewable energy, accelerated urbanization (metropolisation and littoralisation) which increases the need for water and annexes agricultural land, and daily scenes related to the subject, I intended to produce a kind of modest inventory of intensive and subsistence agriculture in the country.


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